• It is not a sign of poor intelligence.
• It is not the result of laziness or just not caring.
• It is not a disease.
• It cannot be “cured” with pills, diets, brain exercises, or medical treatment.
• It is not an eye problem.
• It cannot be outgrown, although individuals with dyslexia can learn how to learn.
Definition of Dyslexia by the International Dyslexia Association (IDA):
Dyslexia is a specific learning disability that is neurological in origin. It is characterized by difficulties with accurate and/or fluent word recognition and by poor spelling and decoding abilities. These difficulties typically result from a deficit in the phonological component of language that is often unexpected in relation to other cognitive abilities and the provision of effective classroom instruction. Secondary consequences may include problems in reading comprehension and reduced reading experience that can impede the growth of vocabulary and background knowledge.
Adopted by the Board of Directors: November 12, 2002
Phonological Component: Phonology is the study of sounds (phonemes) and how they influence language. Dyslexics have difficulty with phonological awareness (the ability to segment and break apart spoken words into individual sounds) and phonics (the ability to associate letters to the sounds and letter combinations) when reading and spelling.
Patricia Dietrick, WDP
STRUCTURED LITERACY FOR THE DYSLEXIC SCHOLAR
Dyslexics read and write words backwards.
Dyslexics do not read or see letters or words backwards. Even though dyslexics may reverse or omit letters or words, these characteristics are not the primary component of dyslexia.
Odyssey Dyslexia Services,INC.